Instructions for authors
Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care (SJPHC) uses electronic manuscript handling. All manuscripts should be submitted online at www.manuscriptmanager.com/sjphc. All papers are published in English. Before you submit, we advise you to check the SJPHC papers on the open access platform (http://informahealthcare.com/loi/pri).
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the SJPHC and should conform to the uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals (The Vancouver style; see for instance BMJ 1991;302:338–41 or www.icmje.org).
All manuscripts are evaluated by the editorial board. Manuscripts which the editors find suitable for the Journal are sent for external review. The final decision to publish an article is made by the Editor-in-Chief.
Current publication fees: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care (SJPHC) is an open access journal making academic research in primary care freely available online for research and clinical communities. Publication in the SJPHC requires payment of a fee. If the first author of an article is a member of one of the Nordic societies for general practice, ie. Dansk Selskab for Almen Medicin, Félag islenska heimilislækna, Norsk forening for allmenmedisin, Suomen yleislääketieteen yhdistys SYLY, Svensk Förening för allmänmedicin, the publication fee is EUR 500. All other articles accepted for publication will be charged a publication fee of EUR 1,500.
Conflict of interest and funding: Authors are responsible for recognizing and disclosing financial and other conflicts of interest that might bias their work. They should acknowledge in the manuscript all financial support for the work and other financial or personal connections to the work.
All submitted papers should indicate at the end of the text: 1) Any necessary ethical approval, 2) The source of funding for the study, 3) Any conflict of interest, 4) Registration number if clinical trial.
In the accompanying letter the author(s) should explain contributions made by each author and that the manuscript has not been published elsewhere or is considered for publication in another journal.
Ethics and consent: When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983. Papers including animal experiments or clinical trials must be accompanied by an approval by the local ethics committee and give registration number. Papers reporting clinical trials must state registration number from a clinical trial register,
Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that the patient be shown the manuscript to be published.
General requirements: Express all scientific measurements (except blood pressure) in SI units; spell out numbers up to and including 10; use numerals for all other numbers. Give generic names of drugs whenever possible; brand names may follow in parentheses. Initials may be used (without points) for well-known abbreviations, such as WHO. The author must warrant that, whenever appropriate, any patient or participant mentioned in the text or shown in a photograph has given informed consent to publication of such material. When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the published article.
All manuscripts should be typed in Microsoft Word in A4 format with double spacing, references and tables included. Pages should be numbered with top and bottom margins 2 cm and left margin 3 cm.
SJPHC also supports initiatives aimed at improving the reporting of biomedical research. Checklists have been developed for a number of study designs. We recommend authors refer to the EQUATOR network website (http://www.equator-network.org) for information on the available reporting guidelines. Authors are requested to make use of these when drafting their manuscript. For authors of systematic reviews, a supplementary file, linked from the Methods section, should reproduce all details concerning the search strategy. For an example of how a search strategy should be presented, see the Cochrane Reviewers' Handbook.
Original articles. We welcome both quantitative and qualitative papers. Arrange the manuscript in the following order: Title page, Key Points, Abstract, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Legends, Tables and Figures.
The length of an original article is typically between 2-3000 words, no more than five tables or figures, and 30 references. Qualitative articles are typically between 3-5000 words (see later).
The title page should bear the title (brief but comprehensive) containing words necessary for correct indexing, name(s) of author(s) and affiliation. Corresponding author name and contact information. State number of words in the article (body of text, excluding Key Points, abstract, tables, reference list, acknowledgements). Include a short running title (max. 30-50 characters).
Page two should include the Key Points of the article. These should start with a short statement (10–20 words) describing current awareness and include up to three main statements (10–20 words each) describing the paper’s most important results and their significance for the readers.
Page three should carry a structured Abstract, not exceeding 250 words, followed by 5–7 Key words, according to Index Medicus. The abstract should contain the following mandatory headings: (headings within brackets are optional): Objective, Design, Setting, (Intervention), Subjects (or patients), Main outcome measures, Results, Conclusion (Implications).
Discussions. The editors encourage structured discussions with the following suggested structure: 1) Statement of principal findings; 2) Strengths and weaknesses of the study; 3) Findings in relation to other studies, discussing particularly any differences in results; 4) Meaning of the study: possible mechanisms and implications for clinicians or policy makers. Acknowledgements should be limited to substantial contributions and financial support.
References must conform to the Vancouver style, being numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text and tables with Arabic numerals in square brackets, starting at .
List all authors for each source when six or less; when seven or more, give first six followed by et al. Quote title in full, the journal title abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus, year of publication, (no issue or date), volume number, and first and last page numbers, English translation of title in brackets after title if another language, followed by ‘English summary’, if present. See examples below:
Articles:Jørgensen TK, Nordentoft M, Krogh J. How do general practitioners in Denmark promote physical activity? Scand J Prim Health Care 2012;30:141–6.
Books:Pendleton D. The new consultation: Developing doctor – patient communication. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2003.
Webpages:WHO. World Health Day – 7 April 2011. Antimicrobial resistance: No action today, no cure tomorrow available at: http://www.who.int/world-health-day/2011/en/index.html (accessed 27 May 2011).
References in native languages:Hingstman L, Kenens RJ. Cijfers uit de registratie van huisarts: peiling 2010 [Data from registration of GPs: Measurements 2010]. Utrecht: NIVEL; 2010.
In-Text Citations: The reporting form is easy to deal with … but you do have to ﬁnd some data ﬁrst and try to remember what happened, and so it may easily take ﬁfteen minutes to make a report (GP11).
Figures should be professionally drawn and photographed, and letters, numbers and symbols must be clear and in proportion to each other. The costs for colour figures in the printed version are to be borne by the author. Figures should be numbered and have a self-explaining legend.
Tables. Each table should be typed double-spaced on a separate sheet (in same document as text), with number (Roman numerals) and a self-explaining legend. Tables should not duplicate information given in the text of the article.
Qualitative papers. May deviate from the general requirements regarding structure and are typically between 3-5000 words. The results of the article should be presented in the analytical text in the results part, the quotations should be considered merely as illustrations. Do not use too many quotations. If too many quotations and too little analytical text, the analysis is considered insufficient.
Quotations should be contextualized concisely as a brief sentence giving only relevant information on the person being quoted. Ensure they are absolutely relevant to the readers, and please follow the style of SJPHC as may be found in recent articles.
Analysis papers. The editors welcome analysis papers not exceeding 2000 words, two to three tables or figures, and up to 20 references. An analysis paper summarizes and discusses clinical, scientific, educational, and policy issues of importance to family medicine. The author(s) should have a good overview of the field and be able to make an even-handed approach in evaluating evidence, its implications, and conclude in a proper and sound way. The idea is that these papers should bring the clinical and academic family medicine further.
The style should follow the standards and style of SJPHC but with minimal scientific jargon and bear in mind readership outside the academic group.
Reviews. A review should address a question of relevance for primary care and systematically summarize the available scientific evidence. It should be short (typically 3-4000 words and 60 references) and focused. The author should specify the specific criteria that were used to search the literature and the methodological standards used to select studies used in the overview. See also the PRISMA statement at www.prisma-statement.org.
Short papers. The editors also welcome short papers, not exceeding 800 words, one table or figure, and 6 references, mainly with the purpose of publishing new important results.
Supplements. Reports from medical meetings, medical theses or extra long articles can be published as supplements to SJPHC, but at the author’s expense.
Copyright: It is a condition of publication that authors assign copyright or license the publication rights of the contents of their articles, including abstracts, to Informa Healthcare UK Ltd. This enables full copyright protection and dissemination of the article and the Journal to the widest possible readership in electronic and print formats. A document to verify this will be sent upon acceptance for publication. This document should be signed by the corresponding author and returned to the publisher for archiving.
Publication of published articles in PhD thesis or dissertation: The author may reprint the article in print format for inclusion in a thesis or dissertation that the author writes. The author may reprint the article in print format, with proper credit to the work’s appearance in the Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care. If the thesis or dissertation is to be published in electronic format, the submitted version should be used and a link to the article on the Informa website included.